Main Article Content
Uretric stone is a significant global trouble faced with increasing prevalence everyday affecting 5-15% of the population. Acute renal colic, a regular symptom is seen. No any specific cultural, racial groups or geographical factors responsible for this ailment. Recurrence rates are close to 50%and cases of urolithiasis are still increasing massively. Pharmacologic intervention is effective in controlling the pain of kidney stones, interfere in lithogenesis process and contribute for removal. Recurrent stone formation can be prevented by the use of reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations and directed pharmacologic intervention. Calcium-sparing diuretics such as thiazides are also used for its treatment. Citrate medications increase levels of this naturally occurring stone inhibitor. There are several herbal formulations used affluently for preventing recurrence stone formation. In this review article, we provide an update on the non-surgical treatments of stone disease, focusing our attention on what is known and what is new in kidney stone management. As the affected population is getting younger and recurrence rates are high, dietary modifications, lifestyle changes and medical management are essential.