Main Article Content
Introduction: Unfortunately, the prevalence of cesarean section has increased in recent years and since awareness of the prevalence and its causes for effective planning and interventions is inevitable, this research was conducted with the aim of investigating the prevalence of cesarean section and some related factors in Pasteur Hospital in Bam in the first half of 1393 (2020). Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study, all pregnant mothers admitted to Pasteur Hospital in the first half of 2020 and gave birth to singleton babies were investigated. Finally, the records of 222 pregnant women (according to the statistical formula) were selected and information on the mother's job and education, mother's age, place of residence, cause of cesarean section, birth order, weight and head circumference and gender of the baby, gestational age of the fetus, history of miscarriage or stillbirth was extracted and analyzed. Findings: Our results indicated that the prevalence of cesarean section in the study population was 44.5%. There was a statistically significant relationship between the frequency of cesarean section and higher education, employment, residing in city and older age (P <0.05). The most common causes of cesarean section were history of previous cesarean section (54%), fetal problems (23.4%) and maternal diseases (22.6%), respectively. Conclusion: Although cesarean section is common and frequent in today's society and accounts for about 45% of deliveries, it can be greatly decreased with preventive, advisory and control measures.