Study of Clinical, Onychoscopic, Koh Mount and Histopathological Findings in a Patient of Onychomycosis

Main Article Content

Dr. Nidhi Pugalia, Dr. A. L. Singh

Abstract

BACKGROUND:


The fungal infection of the nail unit caused by dermatophytes, nondermatophytes , yeasts is onychomycosis.  prevalence is 0.5%- 5% in India. The type of causative organism largely depends upon factors like geographical distribution, climate, co-morbidities. Therefore, it is important to correctly classify the infective agent in  order to provide a proper management and treatment.


 


OBJECTIVES:


  1. To study clinical features of onychomycosis.

  2. To study the onychoscopic (nail dermoscopy) features of onychomycosis.

  3. To study features of onychomycosis on KOH mount.

  4. To study histopathological features of onychomycosis

  5. Correlation of clinical findings of onychomycosis with onychoscopy, KOH mount, histopathological findings.

 


METHODOLOGY: A detailed clinical examination will be done of patients with of fungal infection of nail . A single representative nail will be chosen for onychoscopy and nail changes will be observed  under a dermatoscope. With the help of a nipper, a fragment of the affected nail will be cut and will be placed in a dry container. Specimen will be collected in two different dry containers- one for PAS staining for histopathological examination and other for preparation of KOH mount to look for fungal elements.


 


RESULTS:  Clinical findings of fungal infection of nail are corelated with onychoscopy, KOH mount, histopathological findings.



CONCLUSION: Diagnostic and therapeutic steps can be taken towards patient in management of onychomycosis, which can facilitate the correct treatment and prevent A misdiagnosis that can endanger patients to the wrong treatment 

Article Details

How to Cite
Dr. Nidhi Pugalia, Dr. A. L. Singh. (2021). Study of Clinical, Onychoscopic, Koh Mount and Histopathological Findings in a Patient of Onychomycosis. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 3363 - 3370. Retrieved from http://annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/446
Section
Articles