Main Article Content
The objective of this paper was to analyze the risk of metabolic syndrome by level of fatness and fitness in elementary school students.We used that anthropometric measurements were investigated thephysical measurement (height, weight, waist circumference and body composition of the participants), blood pressure, blood test and fitness test (muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility and cardiovascular fitness). Statistical Package for the Social Sciences was used for all statistical analysis.First, non-obese boys were significantly higher in all fitness levels compared to obese students. Non-obese girls showed significantly higher scores in all fitness levels in comparison with obese girls, except BS. Second, non-obese boys were significantly lower in SBP, DBP, RHR, glucose, TC, insulin, HOMA-IR, AST, and ALT levels compared with obese students, and significantly higher in HDC-C levels. Non-obese girls showed significantly lower SBP, DBP, RHR, glucose, TC, insulin, HOMA-IR, and ALT levels than their obese counterparts, and had a significantly higher HDL-C level. Third, there was a significant difference in all MS risk factors between the groups except RHR and AST. Fourth, students with high-fatness and low-fitness had a significantly higher risk of MS (51.12 times) than those who had low-fatness and high-fitness. Fifth, low-fitness students had a significantly higher MS risk (5.86 times) by comparison with high-fitness students.Therefore, we suggest that students undergo systematic management to prevent disease and improve fitness.