A Comparison of the Prevalence Rates of Hypertension between People with Disabilities Due To Brain Injury and Non-Disabled People in 2016 and 2017

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Soo-Kyung Bok, Youngshin Song, Ancho Lim, Sohyun Jin

Abstract

This study sought to compare the prevalence rates of hypertension and its related factors between people with disabilities due to braininjury and non-disabled people in 2016 and 2017.Data from 2016 and 2017 were obtainedfrom the National Health Insurance Service of South Korea. Health check-up data on blood pressure, weight, height, waist circumference, and blood glucose were collected; then, the prevalence rates of high blood pressure, obesity, and abnormal blood glucose were calculated. These data were compared between people with disabilities due to braininjury and non-disabledpeople using Chi-square tests.A total of 42,443 people with disabilities due tobraininjury participated in the national health checkup program, while 13,256,766 non-disabled people were included in this study. The hypertension prevalence rate in 2016 among people with disabilities due to braininjury was 23.8%, while that among non-disabled people was 12.4%. For 2017, the hypertension prevalence rate was 24.3% among people with disabilities due to braininjury, while that of non-disabled people was 12.6%. Based on waist circumference, 35.3% of people with disabilitiesdue to braininjury were obese or overweight in 2016,compared with 22.7% of non-disabled people;based also on this factor, it was shown that 36.4% of people withdisabilities due to braininjury and 23.4% of non-disabled people exceeded the obesity standard in 2017. Hypertension prevalence rates(p<.001), obesity rates, (p<.001), and abnormal blood glucose levels (p<.001)were significantly higher among people withdisabilities due to brain injury than those of non-disabled people. People with disabilities due to braininjury were found to have a high risk of chronic disease. Additionally, it isnecessary to develop strategies for managing hypertension.

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Soo-Kyung Bok, Youngshin Song, Ancho Lim, Sohyun Jin. (2021). A Comparison of the Prevalence Rates of Hypertension between People with Disabilities Due To Brain Injury and Non-Disabled People in 2016 and 2017. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 1185 - 1192. Retrieved from http://annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/232
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