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Organ transplantation refers to a medical process whereby one persons organ is removed and transplanted to another person. This requires the consent of the donor in case he is alive and requires the assent of the next of kin in case the donor is dead. In most cases, the end state organ failures only treatment is organ transplantation. Although its types include heart, lung, liver, pancreas, cornea, skin, and other transplants, the most carried out transplant is kidney transplantation globally.