Main Article Content
Periodontitis is a multifactorial, polymicrobial disease that affects the teeth and the structures that support them. The three primary elements that cause plaque-induced gingival and periodontal diseases are a sensitive host, pathogenic bacteria, and a reduction or absence of helpful bacteria. Using host modulation agents and antibiotics, various researchers have found strategies to control / modify the first two parameters in the past. Few people have paid attention to the third aspect, which is boosting the growth of good microorganisms.Probiotics have changed the pharmaceutical world in this regard, as they have been shown to be more useful than antibiotics, as well as assisting in the reduction or elimination of antibiotic side effects. As a result, the goal of this literature review is to emphasise the key characteristics of probiotics and their involvement in periodontal disease.