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Extensive study on oral ailments, particularly periodontal problems, has expanded our knowledge and awareness over the previous three decades. These studies have revealed that the host plays a critical role in the pathobiology of periodontitis and that the risk varies substantially from person to person. Periodontal disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment all need risk assessment and application of the results. Risk assessment is a relatively new idea in dentistry. This essay will go over the many ideas of risk assessments in periodontics in great detail.