Main Article Content
Gingiva, periodontal ligament, cementum, and alveolar bone are the four main components of a healthy periodontium. It provides the necessary support to keep the teeth in good function. The cementum is a mineralized avascular unit of the periodontium that is essential for tooth attachment and periodontal function. Between the periodontal ligament and the root dentin, it forms an interface. The structural and functional properties of cementum are examined in this article, as well as the cellular and molecular aspects of cementum growth and regeneration.The understanding of these mechanisms can provide an apprehension into the new treatment approaches concerning the regeneration of periodontal tissue lost due to disease activity.