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Introduction: Maxillofacial trauma has experienced an increase in number in the last decade. Though a number of studies have been done on pattern, incidence and cause of maxillofacial trauma in various local populations in India, no systematic review of the pattern and cause of maxillofacial trauma in India has been done. Hence, the purpose of this systematic review is to present the epidemiologic data on pattern of maxillofacial trauma in India.
Material and methods: Electronic searching of Pubmed, ScienceDirect and institute library databases to identify studies reporting the epidemiology of injuries in maxillofacial trauma in India.
Results: A total of 23 studies were eligible for inclusion in this review. The most common anatomic part involved was found to be mandible; the most common age group involved was 21-30 years while males were more commonly involved than females. The main cause of maxillofacial trauma all over India was found to be road traffic accidents.
Conclusion: The findings from studies all over India show that road traffic accidents (RTAs) cause most of the maxillofacial injuries, mandible being the more commonly involved bone. The accidents involve young males in productive age group causing concerns as in time, money and aesthetics.