Drag Reduction on Passenger Car

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M. Hariharan, E. Harish Babu, S. Kirubakaran, S. Gopalakrishnan

Abstract

This work proposes an effective numerical model using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to obtain the flow structure around a passenger car with spoiler in a different angles. The computational/numerical model of the passenger car and mesh was constructed using ANSYS Fluent which is the CFD solver and employed in the present work. In this study, numerical iterations are completed, and then aerodynamic data and detailed complicated flow structure are visualized. In the present work, a model of generic passenger car was developed using solidworks, generated the wind tunnel, and applied the boundary conditions in ANSYS workbench platform, and then testing and simulation have been performed for the evaluation of drag coefficient for passenger car. In another case, the aerodynamics of the most suitable design of spoiler in a different angle called 10, 15, 20 degrees are introduced and analysed for the evaluation of drag coefficient for passenger car. The addition of these spoilers reduces the drag-coefficient and lift coefficient in head-on wind. Rounding the edges partially reduces drag in head-on wind but does not bring about the significant improvements in the aerodynamic efficiency of the passenger car, and it can be obtained. Hence, the drag force can be reduced by using spoilers on vehicle and fuel economy, stability of a passenger car can be improved.

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How to Cite
M. Hariharan, E. Harish Babu, S. Kirubakaran, S. Gopalakrishnan. (2021). Drag Reduction on Passenger Car. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 25(6), 4501–4507. Retrieved from https://annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/6282
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