Nursing care in Dying Patients in Emergency Department: A Content Analysis

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Marzieh Beigom Bigdeli Shamloo, Nasrin Elahi, Kourosh Zarea


Background: Death is a natural part of life, which mostly occurs in the emergency ward. Since this stage of life is accompanied by a variety of physical problems and mental pressures that affect patients as well as their families, holistic nursing care is of paramount importance. The present study aimed to determine the dimensions of nursing care for dying patients. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative study with conventional content analysis approach, 13 eligible nurses who had the experience of working in the emergency ward were selected and interviewed via telephone contact. After the first question; i.e., 'please explain your experience about taking care of a dying patient in the emergency ward', probing questions were asked. The participants' responses were recorded and transcribed immediately. Data analysis and categorization were also carried out simultaneously. Results: Data analysis resulted in the emergence of four categories, namely physical care, psychological care, spiritual care, and supportive care. The subcategories of physical care included routine tasks and life-saving measures. In addition, therapeutic communication and relaxation comprised the subcategories of psychological care. Besides, the subcategories of spiritual care were respect for patient's privacy and spiritual facilitation of death. Finally, protecting patients' rights and social work were the subcategories of supportive care. Conclusion: The study results indicated that nurses, researchers, and nursing policymakers have mainly focused on physical care followed by mental care for dying patients, while spiritual and supportive cares have received less attention. Hence, further studies are required to be performed in this area.

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Kourosh Zarea, M. B. B. S. N. E. . (2021). Nursing care in Dying Patients in Emergency Department: A Content Analysis. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 25(6), 3550–3558. Retrieved from