Main Article Content
Coronary artery diseases (CAD) are the number one cause of death globally, however the complications occur after CABG surgery due to hypertension & diabetes mellitus remains unclear by means of documentation. This descriptive cross sectional study aimed to determine the frequency of HTN & DM among the patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery at tertiary care hospital Karachi Pakistan. This study includes 196 patients selected by non-probability consecutive sampling technique. Gender, Age, weight, height, history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking and detailed medical history of the patients are the inclusion criteria of the study. 59.7% males and 40.3 % females with mean age of 54.92 ± 10.24 years of 196 patients were selected for evaluation of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. In current study hypertension was present in 54.6% patients, diabetes mellitus in 41.8% patients, age > 50 years in 60.0%, BMI > 25 in 50.0%, and smoking in 36.2% patients. It is concluded from the study that patients underwent for CABG due to several CVD are suffering from hypertension and diabetes mellitus along with male gender, increasing age and smoking. As a result, these patients are at a higher risk of short-term and long-term complications.