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In India, common carp were introduced for composite fish farming. Cyprinuscarpio (L.1758) is a hardy, fast-growing fish that is often referred to as a "natural specialist" or "ecological engineer" due to its adaptability to a wide range of ecological conditions. The growth rates of common carp vary greatly depending on temperature, food availability, and population density in different regions. Except for some communications on food and feeding, age, and fecundity, no such thorough investigation into the science and social aspects of this exotic species has been conducted under these agro-climatic conditions since its arrival. This paper examines the role of Cyprinuscarpio in the aquatic environment, as well as the distribution, morphology, breeding and feeding habits, feeding niche, genetic changeability, and behaviour of common carp in response to changing food resources, as well as the impact of common carp on fish creation.