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Background: Sialolithiasis is the most common salivary gland disease. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of salivary stones in patients with renal stones and to determine the relationship between the salivary stones and renal stones.
Study design: A total of 248 patients participated in the study. Group A consisted of 120 patients who had renal calculi and Group B had 128 randomly selected controls for the study. The intra oral occlusal radiographs for all patients were evaluated to determine the presence or absence of salivary stones. The results were compared and analyzed using the Chi-square test and the statistical significance was set at 5% level (p<0.05).
Results: Salivary gland calcifications were detected in a total of 9 patients (3.6%), which included 6 renal calculi patients and 3 controls. There was no statistical correlation between renal stones and salivary gland stones (p>0.05).
Conclusion: There was no significant correlation between the presence of renal stones and salivary gland stones.