The Influence of Fixed Orthodontic Treatment on Tooth Discoloration among Dental Students in Makassar, Indonesia

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Puspitasari Yustisia, Mohammad Dharma Utama, Bachtiar, Rachmi, Harun Achmad,Ilmianti, Selviani, Yusrini, Eva Novawati, Fachira Jamila Rusdi

Abstract

The aims of fixed orthodontic treatment is to improve mastication function, aesthetics, prevent tissue damage and restore the normal function of oral cavity. Fixed orthodontic treatment could led poor oral hygiene for the patient because it could be a good place for residual food, led plaque accumulation under the appliance. Furthermore, plaque accumulation could led stain on tooth surface and tooth discoloration could develop. This research was to investigate the influence of fixed orthodontic treatment on tooth discoloration among Dental Students in Makassar, Indonesia. The research was conducting as an analytic observational with cross-sectional study design Sample of this research were 1st and 2nd year of dental students of Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Muslim Indonesia in Makassar, Indonesia who were under fixed orthodontic treatment. Samples were devided into 2 groups, < 1 year and > 2 years of fixed orthodontic treatment. Intraoral photograph from frontal view were taken, and outline of the labial surfaces of all the incisors were enlarged to scale (magnification × 4) and each tooth face divided into 4‐mm squares. Labial surface of the incisors were drawn by the examiner on to the grid system using photoshop cc 2020. Data was statistically analyzed using Fisher exact test. The p-value of this research was less than 0.05, therefor the results of this research are statistically significant. Hypothesis was accepted and showed that there was an influence of fixed orthodontic treatment on tooth discoloration among dental students in Makassar, Indonesia.

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Puspitasari Yustisia, Mohammad Dharma Utama, Bachtiar, Rachmi, Harun Achmad,Ilmianti, Selviani, Yusrini, Eva Novawati, Fachira Jamila Rusdi. (2021). The Influence of Fixed Orthodontic Treatment on Tooth Discoloration among Dental Students in Makassar, Indonesia. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 10720–10728. Retrieved from https://annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/3844
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