Relationship Analysis of Physical Environmental Health Conditions With the Event of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (Uri) Maros District

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Fitriani Kahar, GufranDarma Dirawan, Sulaiman Samad, Nurul Qomariah, Devi Etivia Purlinda

Abstract

Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URI) is an acute respiratory disease with a variety of symptoms (syndromes). Research shows that the risk factors for URI in infants are the lack of exclusive breastfeeding, poor nutrition, LBW indoor air pollution, population density and lack of measles immunization (The Ministry of Health of Indonesia, Director General of Disease Control and Environmental Health, 2012). As one of the causes of indoor air pollution, smoking is also one of the factors that influence the incidence of URI in children. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between the physical health conditions of the home environment and the incidence of URI in children aged 1-15 years at the Tompobulu Health Centre, Maros Regency. This research uses quantitative methods with cross-sectional study design. The study was conducted to see the health conditions of the physical environment of the house with the incidence of URI in children aged 1-15 years at the Tompobulu Public Health Center, Maros Regency. This study used quantitative methods with a cross sectional study design. The number of samples was 50 respondents and provided Informed Concent to respondents. Respondents were parents of children suspected of having URI. The results showed that there was a relationship between ventilation (p = 0.003), families who smoked (p = 0.006), house cleanliness (p = 0.027), while found variables that did not have a relationship between floor types (p = 0.088), clean water facilities ( p = 0.524), latrine ownership (p = 0.684), with URI occurrence in children aged 1-15 years at the Tompobulu Health Centre , Maros Regency. It is recommended for people in Tompobulu Sub-District of Maros Regency to implement a clean and healthy lifestyle, maintain cleanliness of the house and the surrounding environment, not throw garbage anywhere, and expect residents to be able to stop smoking, not smoking near children and not smoking in the house in an effort prevention of URI. The participation of Tompobulu Health Centre health workers is pursued to educate the public to prevent the number of people suffering from URI. To the Government to be able to put the improvement of environmental sanitation facilities as a priority in health development efforts and make comprehensive policies in realizing healthy homes in the community, because healthy homes are inseparable from the availability of related infrastructure and facilities, such as clean water supply, sanitation, garbage disposal and latrines, and the availability of social services.

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Fitriani Kahar, GufranDarma Dirawan, Sulaiman Samad, Nurul Qomariah, Devi Etivia Purlinda. (2021). Relationship Analysis of Physical Environmental Health Conditions With the Event of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (Uri) Maros District. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 7735 –. Retrieved from https://annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/3430
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