Main Article Content
The effects of sound on the growth, yield and development of plants have been a subject of scientific discovery. This study aimed to investigate the effects of different volume of sounds of the Holy Qur’an on the growth and development of two varieties of cucumber plant (Aseel and Gazer). It involves the exposure of these two varieties of cucumber to two different frequencies of the Holy Qur’an during the entire period of growth until maturity and evaluating the effects on the phenotypic and genetic characteristics of the plants. The results of the study on the phenotypic traits revealed that the exposure of the (Aseel) variety to high volume and frequency of the Qur’an resulted in the highest number of fruits, leaf length, and plant height compared to the control (same type, with exposure to sound). Similarly, the Gazer cultivar exposed to lower sound volume had the lowest number of leaves, nodes, leaves width and length compared to the control of the same variety. The two varieties were subjected to RAPD-PCR analysis. The results showed that the Aseel cultivar exposed to loud Qur’an sound exhibited 11 unique bands compared to the control group (2 bands), while those exposed to low sound showed 9 bands. It could, therefore, be inferred that exposure to loud sounds of the Qur’an increases the occurrence of mutations. On the other hand, for the Gazer cultivar, the group exposed to the loud sound of the Qur’an showed 14 unique bands more than the control with 3 bands. Furthermore, the group exposed to the low voice of the Qur’an showed 12 unique bands. Our findings revealed that different pitch and volume of sound significantly affect phenotypic markers and cucumber’s genome. Increasing the pitch of a sound is shown to have adverse effects on cucumbers’ genome due to mutation. The results further revealed that plants show characteristics, feelings and sensation when exposed to different conditions, including sound.