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Nurses all over the world are occupied in pioneering performance ensuring an important development in the physical conditions of patients, populations, and health systemson an everyday basis.1
Endo- tracheal care is majorly done on prolonged mechanical ventilation patients. A retrospective study was conducted on the timing and technique of tracheostomy on mortality and morbidity in cardiovascular surgery patients. The duration of the study was Jan 2000 to October 2007. During this period 205 cases underwent the tracheostomy surgery out of 19559 cardiac operations. 134 (65.4%) cases were undergone the surgical tracheostomy and 71(34.6%) were percutaneous tracheostomy. Infection rate was significantly low after the surgery of tracheostomy. Mobilization, cooperation and oral feeding rates were higher. 71.4% was the early multifactorial mortality rate of tracheostomiesand late tracheostomies were 88.1% (p=0.037).
The research method was exploratory descriptive approach which was adopted for the study because the study was aimed at assessing their knowledge and practice regarding Endo- tracheal care among Nursing staff working in selected hospital of Pune and determining it statistically.2