Main Article Content
One of the most significant concepts of deep restructuring of the economic mechanism of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the creation of an integral, effective and flexible system of economic management and the implementation on this basis of a program to improve the technical level and quality of machines.
The car park of our country is more replenished with vehicles with diesel engines. The development of contemporary diesel engine building is proceeding by forcing engines: increasing the average effective pressure and speed. Therefore, high reliability and service life, fuel efficiency and environmental performance are the basic criteria for their quality. Forcing diesel engines leads to an increase in thermal and mechanical loads on the basic parts of the cylinder-piston group (CPG) (piston, liner and cylinder head), important increase in their temperature, as well as the temperature of piston rings and valves.Overheating of parts is accompanied by the formation of temperature fields with a pronounced uneven temperature distribution and, as a result, an increase in thermal stresses with a simultaneous deterioration of the mechanical properties of the material, the formation of cracks and, finally, the destruction of the part. In this regard, the task of protecting parts from excessive exposure to high thermal loads from the working fluid becomes urgent, or, in other words, the task of creating a diesel engine with reduced heat removal from the working fluid.