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One of the manifestations of postmodernism, which emerged as a new model of artistic creativity in the 50-60s of the twentieth century. In the literature of existentialism, is described the crisis of Western civilization, a sense of the meaninglessness of existence, a description of the insurmountable tragedy of human life - its condemnation of loneliness, loneliness, alienation, abandonment in a hostile world, a person's moral choice. In France, existentialist philosophers Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus described in their works "the absurd world and man." Each of the representatives of this philosophical current has a separate, unique worldview and system of values. This philosophy also influenced political circles, sometimes showing similarities and sometimes contradictions with Marxist ideology. Sartre, to the best of his ability, advocated the revolutionary transformation of society, while Camus, on the other hand, advocated a sudden uprising (self-awareness, human dignity, freedom and freedom), which exploded from the depths of the human heart.