Features of the Emergence and Evolution of Medical Services in the Territory of Uzbekistan

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Rajabov Utkir Dusnaevich, Turaboeva Kimiyohon Urozbekovna


The article considers the positive results achieved in the field of health care in the following years in the Republic of Uzbekistan, the stages of evolutionary development for centuries of provision of medical services to the population and the current export potential. The emergence of medical services in Central Asia, in particular, in the territory of Uzbekistan, was widely used in the early period of the service of representatives of religion and folk medicine. Historical sources indicate that drug-making equipment found during archaeological excavations has proved the existence of folk medicine eight thousand years ago. This invaluable blessing has passed from generation to generation and has been polished and reached to us as a result of several thousand years of experience of the people.

By the time of the reign of Amir Temur, special hospitals were established and they fought against infectious diseases and learned the secrets of Medicine.

After the invasion of Tsarist Russia in Turkestan, a hospital (lazaret) was opened in Tashkent for servicemen and officials, and later, even in other cities, large and small hospitals began to be opened, they served mainly civil servants and Russian citizens.

During the Second World War, the migration of more than 130 military hospitals and medical higher educational institutions from the territory of Russia to Uzbekistan soon contributed to the development of the health sector in Uzbekistan in the future.

In the time of the former Soviet Union, the state took over the heavy burden of developing health care, which caused the mood of immortality in financing and management. After Uzbekistan gained independence in 1991-20, the health sector became one of the most promising and rapidly developing sectors of the economy. As a result, the mortality of children decreased by 3 times compared to 1990 years, the average life expectancy of people increased from 67 years to 74 years, completely eradicated many infectious and socially dangerous diseases.

Due to the conditions created for foreign investors, the activities of nearly 100 modern private medical institutions with their participation have been launched.As a result of the introduction of the" Medical visa " and the simplified system, the number of foreign citizens arriving for treatment in the period from 2016 to 2019 years has doubled.

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Rajabov Utkir Dusnaevich, Turaboeva Kimiyohon Urozbekovna. (2021). Features of the Emergence and Evolution of Medical Services in the Territory of Uzbekistan. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 3283–3289. Retrieved from https://annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/1801