Study of Microbial Contaminants in White Cheese in Basra Markets, Iraq

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Hiba A. Nasear

Abstract

This study was conducted to detect and identify the types of microbial contaminants in the homemade soft white cheese in Basra city markets and from different regions to assess their validity and their compliance with the approved Iraqi health standards. Fifty samples of soft white cheese samples were collected from the local markets of the city of Basra, represented by the regions (Al-Ashar, Old Basra, Abi Al-Khateeb, Al-Qarma, and five miles) during the period from February 2020 to April 2020 by using 250 g for each sample of soft white cheese. total bacterial count and the total coliform count was investigated, as well as the Staphylococcus aureus preparation and the presence of Pseudomonas spp was also investigate compared with specific control rates, biochemical identification was done by using the Enterosystem18R system. The results of the current study showed the high content of soft white cheese from the microorganisms that included many pathogens in humans and food poisoning. Total bacterial count ranges from 5.6 x 105  to 6.8 x 109 cfu /g, coliform bacteria ranged from 4.6 x 104 to 9.99 x107 cfu/g and it was found that the bacterial count of E. coli was between 2.1 x 10 2 to 3.9 x 109 cfu/g,. Pseudomonas spp. was found between 2.4 x 104 to 3.1 x 107 cfu/g and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria was 1.8 x 107 to 5.3 x 107 cfu/g .It was concluded through this study that soft white cheese samples contain high bacterial contamination that may threaten consumers' general health, exceeding health standards.

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How to Cite
Nasear, H. A. . (2024). Study of Microbial Contaminants in White Cheese in Basra Markets, Iraq. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 28(01), 100–105. Retrieved from https://annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/11795
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