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Dengue fever (DF) is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes and is emerging as a serious global health problem. However, there is still a lack of knowledge regarding the disease, to investigate the knowledge and practices of the healthcare professionals (HCPs) including physicians and nurses regarding dengue transmission, diagnosis and clinical classification using the warning signs of World Health Organization (WHO) classification, Dengue fever is a major arbovirus-borne infectious disease in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The disease is generally mild and self-limited, but some patients may develop a severe form of infection such as dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome, which often leads to death. Currently, there is no vaccine available against dengue virus. The major determinants of dengue control are vector eradication, early case recognition, and adequate clinical management , Knowledge and practice (KP) among primary healthcare professionals (HCPs) regarding dengue diseases may pace alarm and improve the outcome of dengue control, Primary physicians and nurses serve as the first-line health care providers of dengue virus infection diagnosis, notification, and treatment..
Aim of the study: To assess the Knowledge and practices of dengue fever symptoms among health care workers at the primary healthcare level in Makkah City at Saudi Arabia 2023. Methods: Across sectional descriptive study conducted among health care workers selected primary health–care centers in Makkah Al-Mokarramah city, during the September to October, 2023, the Sample size of medical practitioners. Our total participants were (200). Results: shows majority of participant were (34.0%) were aged from 30-45 years of age, sex, more than half of participant (58.0%) were male, experience the majority of participant <2 y were (43.0%), specialty the majority of participant internal medicine were (39 .0%), majority of participant married were (49.0%) while single were(34.0%) but widow were (10.0%), regarding reported a dengue case more than half of participant answer Yes were (75.0%).
Conclusion: the most of the HCPs did not take prior training on the dengue viral infection; also, heave gaps in the knowledge regarding various topics in dengue fever. This paper recommends the gathering of efforts to establish the proper knowledge of dengue infection and the warning signs listed by the WHO, educational programs for health care workers on dengue fever management and prevention should be organized .