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Despite the high prevalence of healthcare-acquired the primary healthcare infection in resource limited settings, healthcare workers’ (HCWs’) knowledge and practices of infection and control standard are not well-researched especially in primary health care ,healthcare workers have lost their lives in significant numbers in the discharge of their duties as a result of a breach in Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) procedures. The increasing incidence of emerging and re-emerging diseases complicates this burden. Adequate IPC includes knowledge and practices of infection and control standard administrative, environmental and personal protective control measures. Healthcare workers (HCWs) have an increased risk of active and latent infection compared to the general population, despite existing guidelines on the prevention and management of infection, little is known about why HCWs who tested positive for refuse by infection.
Aim of study: To Assessment the knowledge and practices of infection control standard among health care workers at the primary healthcare in Makkah City at Saudi Arabia 2023.
Methods: This cross sectional study included (120) health care workers at the primary healthcare in Makkah City at Saudi Arabia 2023. (doctors, nurses, lab workers) from primary healthcare (PHC) centers an self-administrated questionnaire was constructed by the researcher and was used for data collection.
Results: the majority of participant (69.17%) have high of the Knowledge about standard precautions of infection control, followed by (29.17%) of participant average while weak were (1.67%) while Range(6-16) and Mean ±SD(12.983+2.421), while a significant relation were P-value=0.001 X282.95.
Conclusion: Improving HCWs’ knowledge and practices and informative clinical consultation on infection control standard, additionally, there is a need to improve infection control measures at the workplace to protect HCWs. Utilizing behavioral insights can help modify risk perception among HCWs . Policies that foster training of HCW in standard precautions and guarantee regular provision of infection control and prevention resources in health facilities are required in Saudi Arabia