Main Article Content
Hajj is one of the largest and the most ethnically and culturally diverse mass gatherings worldwide. The use of appropriate Infectious diseases systems on healthcare worker during the Hajj that ensures timely information management for effective planning and response to infectious diseases threats during the pilgrimage, and protection from infectious diseases prevention and control strategies for Hajj but with limited information on the operations and characteristics of the existing Hajj infectious diseases systems. Saudi Arabia has extensive experience of providing health care at mass gatherings acquired through decades of managing millions of pilgrims at the Hajj. The risk of infectious diseases transmission may extend to the healthcare workers during the Hajj, local Saudi population and to the home population of returning pilgrims after Hajj. This could strain the public health services in Saudi Arabia and may threaten global health security.
Aim of the study: To assessment the Impact of the Infectious Diseases Systems on healthcare worker during the Hajj in Makkah Al Mukarramah at Saudi Arabia 2023.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at healthcare workers in the hospitals and primary health sector in Makkah City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during Hajj season from June to July 2023 including 200 healthcare workers (HCWs). Data were collected using a written questionnaire was developed based on a literature review, to assessed the impact of the infectious diseases systems on healthcare worker during the Hajj
Results: shows that most of the participants (32.0%) were in the age group(30-49), female was higher compared to male(57.0% and 43.0%) , regarding the marital status most of participants married were(54.0%), nationality the majority of participant are Saudi were(79.0%), majority of participant are nurse were(49.0%) while Physicians were(23.0%), regarding the reading the written guidelines majority of participant answer No were (53.0%).
Conclusion: the infectious diseases systems in Hajj and management systems and to implement syndromes' surveillance as an early warning system for infectious disease control during Hajj. The HCWs have difficulties in some preventive measures, especially among physicians, nursing and health inspector those with less years of experience, and those who did not read the written guidelines, which highlighted the importance of training courses before Hajj season about the infectious diseases systems .