Main Article Content
Background: Worldwide, 6% of the population are affected by diabetes mellitus and the projection for the year 2030 is 438 million. With Saudi Arabia countries suffering the bulk of the total diabetes epidemic, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is among the countries with the highest prevalence of diabetes mellitus (23.1%). People diagnosed with diabetes, on average, have medical healthcare expenditures that are ten times higher ($3,686 vs. $380) than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes. Medical nutritional therapy is an important aspect of diabetes care, there is an increasing, awareness of breakfast skipping, late dinner and meal contents on diabetes control In 2017, the total prevalence of diabetes was estimated to be 422 million people worldwide. Due to the aging population and continued increase in obesity rates, the prevalence is expected to rise to 592 million by 2035.
Aim of the study: assessment od role of physical therapists in fighting the Type 2 Diabetes Epidemic patients attending primary healthcare centers in Makkah City, Saudi Arabia in 2022 Methods: cross-sectional descriptive study conducted at among the Type 2 Diabetes Epidemic patients attending primary healthcare centers in Makkah City in 2022. This commentary, describes the type 2 diabetes epidemic and the health impact of diabetes type 2 and diabetes-related complications, highlights the physical therapist’s role as frontline provider. Our total participants were (300 )
Results: shows that most of the participants (35.0%) were in the age group 35-44 years follow by the (28.0%)were in the age >65 years. Regarding the gender the majority of them were male (72.0%) while female(38.0%), also regarding level of education the majority of participant are Intermediate school were(42.0%) High school education were(23.0%(. regarding Job the majority of participant are Not working were(41.0%) while house wife were(18.0%). Regarding Marital status the majority of participant are Married were (66.0%) while Single were(19.0%(.
Conclusion: Diabetes Type 2 and its complications are major causes of morbidity and mortality and contribute significantly to rising health care costs. The dramatic increase in diabetes Type 2, paired with high rates of diabetes Type 2 complications, will contribute to higher health care costs that are only made worse by high rates of modifiable risk factors, such as obesity and physical inactivity. Physical therapists play a central role in the multidisciplinary health care team.