Main Article Content
In Saudi Arabia, the rise in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus started to gain attention years after rapid industrialization took place in the country . Saudi Arabia is among top ten countries of the world with the highest prevalence (23.9%), followed by Kuwait (23.1%) and Qatar (22.9%). Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major metabolic disorder currently affecting over 350 million people worldwide. Also, another one billion people in the world are pre-diabetic, who may eventually end up with full- blown diabetes. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is fast becoming a global epidemic and the number of individuals with diabetes in the world is expected to reach 330 million by 2030.It is well demonstrated that physical activity is an effective non-pharmacological intervention to improve diabetes control and should be an integral component of the care strategy of diabetic patients. Obesity plays a central role in morbidity and mortality of diseases of multiple organs and systems, and it is a major contributor to the growing incidence of type 2 diabetes.Aim of the study:To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending primary healthcare centers (PHCCs) in makkah al-mokarramah 2021 regarding physical activity Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted fromprimary health care center in makkah al-mokarramah 2021Saudi Arabia. The data collection tool included four parts; socio-demographic and medical data, nineteen True/False questions on knowledge regarding physical activity, five statements related to attitude toward physical activity, and the General Practice Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPPAQ) to assess the practice of physical exercise among the participants. Results: The study included (200) type 2 diabetic patients. The remaining socio-demographic characteristics are summarized in Males represent 66% of the participants. Majority were Saudi nationals (92.0%). Most of them Intermediate school were (35.0%). Regarding the Job majority Retired were (21.0%) regarding the Marital statuswere(66.0%) married. The income of 34.0% of the participated patients ranged between 5000 and 10000 SR/month. Conclusion n: Knowledge about physical activity of type 2 diabetics is overall acceptable. Their attitude towards physical activity is encouraging. However, their physical activity practice is deficient.