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Despite the significant role of seasonal influenza vaccination in preventing and minimizing the serious complications of influenza infection in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, despite the significant role of seasonal influenza vaccination in preventing and minimizing the serious complications of influenza infection in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, seasonal influenza vaccination is essential for population health. However, despite its strong recommendation, studies indicated a low rate of vaccine response. Influenza is a serious disease that can cause hospitalization, intubation, and death in high-risk groups. Immunization and vaccination are essential public health interventions constituting a cost-effective strategy to reduce morbidity and mortality. Despite successes recorded with such interventions, Vaccines preventable diseases (VPD) remain the most common causes of mortality globally.
Aim of the study: To assess the knowledge and attitudes of patients attending in Primary Health Care about the seasonal influenza Immunization at Makkah Al-Mokarramah 2021 Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a validated questionnaire across selected. Conducted among 200 participants from health care centers in Makkah Al-Mokarramah city . Self-administered questionnaire was used and validated It includes questions on socio demographic variables, knowledge, attitude, and vaccine response. During the September to December 2021in Makkah Al-Mokarramah .
Results: shows the relation between the Knowledge and attitude toward seasonal influenza majority of participant have average in the knowledge Negative attitude towards seasonal influenza vaccination were (50.41%) while Positive attitudes of participant were (44.63%) , shows the significant relation between Knowledge and attitude were P=0.001 while X2 349.677 also age ranged between <35 and >50 years most of participants between(>50) were (42.0%), majority of participants were(63.0%) were females. About (43.0%)were married Conclusion: We concluded that there is a low influenza vaccine uptake rate among our study population, considering that the barriers most commonly chosen by participants are solvable with health education and campaigns oriented towards delivering facts about the vaccine and dispelling misinformation; such measures are highly recommended and are postulated to carry a great benefit that should target common misconceptions.