Main Article Content
Objective: The present study aimed at the determination of various patterns of parameter and risk factors of semen analysis related to male infertility.
Material and Methods: It was a cross sectional study, included a total of 150 male individuals between age group (18-50) divided equally in three groups (mild, moderate and severe). The fresh semen sample was collected in sterile container and immediately incubated at 37 degrees Celsius for 20-30 minutes. After incubation of sample, the physical (color) and chemical examination (PH) of semen was carried out then the wet smear of semen was prepared for microscopy. On microscopy, the total count and morphology of spermatozoa were determined.
Result: The prevalence of semen analysis as 54.7% of normal sperm count while 45.3% of abnormal sperm count. The volume categorization of semen analysis was evaluated as Normospermia (2-5ml)was 83.3%, hypospermia (<2ml) included 15.3% and hyperspermia (>5ml) was 1.4%. With consideration of sperm concentration,normospermia was found to be 54.7% whereas oligospermiaand azoospermia were 32.7% and12.6% respectively.
Conclusion: This study analyzed, the various patterns of semen analysis in individuals, regarding parameters like total count, volume and sperm concentration. The individuals belong to various age group showed different percentages related abnormal count. It was also found that both smoking and infections are most common risk factors related to male infertility.