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Aim: To determine the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in women of Quetta Pakistan
Study Design: Cross sectional study
Place and duration: This study was conducted at Bolan Medical Complex Hospital Quetta, Pakistan., for one year, from July 2020 to July 2021
Methodology: All pregnant women having gestational age 24 weeks or more were given a 75 g oral glucose load following a preliminary clinical evaluation, regardless of the time since their previous meal. If the two-hour plasma glucose level was more than 140 mg/dl, gestational diabetes mellitus was established. The results were obtained using Chi-square and an unpaired t-test.
Results: The study enlisted the participation of 330 women, 49.60% were 26 and 30 years old, and 42.4% of the females were in 24–26 weeks of gestation. The prevalence rate of GDM was 8.4%, with all cases being diagnosed for the first time during the research. The link between GDM and literacy was (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: A significant percentage of pregnant females were identified with gestational diabetes, and no link has been observed between GDM and educational level.