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Background: Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by eczematous skin inflammation. Dermatitis is characterized by itching, red skin and a rash. Dermatitis is distributed worldwidly. Treatment and management option of dermatitis include antifungal drugs, antihistamine drugs, steroids and phototherapy.
Objectives: To asses and compare the TLC and DLC status among the dermatitis patients at Naseerullah Khan Babar Hospital, Peshawar.A secondary objective is to determine whether which type of leukocyte is affect with dermatitis disease.
Method: We hadsearched the following data from November to December 2017. Dermatitis patients were the targeted population for data collection. The data collection from the dermatitis patients was collected through convenience sampling technique. The sample size of the study was four hundred and twenty four (424) patients present to dermatology unit at Naseerullah Khan Babar hospital Peshawar.
Result: The mean age of dermatitis patients which have presented to the dermatology department at Naseerullah khan Baber hospital Peshawar is 29.7 years. This study also gives facts about gender of the dermatitis patients in which there are 54.2% female and 46.8% male patients the ratio of female dermatitis patients are high from male. The TLC status is below from normal range in 1.7% patients, TLC with normal status 74.85% and TLC status is high in 23.6% patients. DLC status mostly neutrophils and lymphocytes are affected and the remaining eosinophils, monocytes and basophils are not so affected.
Conclusion: This study concluded that TLC of patients is not so increase as expected.TLC is mostly remains normal in dermatitis patients There were only some patients TLCs are high and very rarely TLC is low in dermatitis patients. While the DLC of dermatitis patients there are only neutrophils and lymphocytes are mostly affected , remaining leukocytes such as eosinophils, monocytes and basophils are not so affected due to dermatitis.