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Background: Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome is a clinical condition that arises from a complication of diabetes mellitus, and seen in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Objective:To determine the frequency of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Study Design: DescriptiveCross Sectional study.
Place and Duration of the Study:Department of Medicine, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar; from January 2020 to March 2020.
Methodology: A total of n=156patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (as per operational definitions) taking treatment with controlled DM aged 35–75 years of either gender were included. Pregnant females and CRF were excluded. After this, each patient was evaluated by the researcher herself for presence or absence of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state.
Results:Age range in this study was from 35 to 75 years with mean age of 50.71 ± 9.25 years. Majority of the patients (73.08%) were between 35 to 55 years of age. Out of these 156 patients, 69.90% were male and 39.10% were females. The mean duration of diabetes mellitus was 7.78 ± 3.08 years, and body mass index was 30.18 ± 3.40 kg/m2. The frequency of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state in type 2 diabetic patients was found among 11.54% of type 2 diabetic patients.
Conclusions:It was concluded that hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state in type 2 diabetes mellitus showed moderate prevalence and showed relationship with age, gender, socio-economic status, obesity, and duration of type 2 diabetes mellitus.