Main Article Content
This study aimed to determine changes in some physiological and biochemical criteria when using combined oral contraceptives in several women in Diyala governorate. Through studying its effect on changes in Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate(ESR) and haemoglobin concentration(Hb), as well as changes in glucose and cholesterol levels in women taking the pills.
In this study, 50 blood samples were used from women aged( 20-40) who used combined oral contraceptives, and 25 blood samples were taken from healthy married women who were not pregnant and were not using any type of contraceptive and from the same age group as a control group.The study group was divided into two groups, the first group as acontrol group, and the second group represented the combined oral contraceptive group .
The results of the study showed a significant increase (P <0.05) in the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation (ESR) in women using combined oral contraceptives compared to the control group.While there were no significant differences in haemoglobin concentration between the two groups.
As for the biochemical tests, it showed a significant increase in the concentration of both glucose and cholesterol in women using combined oral contraceptives compared with the control group at the level of significance (P <0.05).This indicates the negative effects of women taking combined oral contraceptives and their effects on their health.